The Bar Council of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim is an autonomous body established and constituted under Advocates Act, 1961 which provides for establishment of State Bar Council in Section 3 thereof with a maximum strength of 25 elected members.

Originally the Bar Council of Assam was constituted on 25.12.1961 for the State of Assam as well as for the Union Territory of Manipur. Thereafter, as per Section 14 of the State of Nagaland Act, 1962, this Bar Council came to be known as the Bar Council of Assam and Nagaland for the States of Assam and Nagaland and the Union Territory of Manipur. On passing of the North Eastern Areas (Re-organization) Act, 1971, as per Section 34 thereof, the Bar Council came to be known as Bar Council of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura for the States of Assam Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura and Union Territory of Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh.
However, by virtue of Section 19 of the State of Arunachal Pradesh Act, 1986 this Bar Council came to be known as the Bar Council of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh for the States of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. Thereafter, vide Ministry of Home Affairs Notification dated 15 th February, 2000, State of Sikkim was also included within the jurisdiction of this Bar Council. However, as the Advocates Act, 1961 was not extended to the State of Sikkim, the said Notification could not be given effect to and ultimately the Government of India, Ministry of Law & Justice by Notification dated 17 th March,2005 extended the Advocates Act, 1961 to the State of Sikkim from 1st day of April,2005 and thereafter this Bar Council came to be known as the Bar Council of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim for the States of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim.

As per the Provisions of law, the Advocates General of the States of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura as well as Sikkim are Ex-Officio Members of the Bar Council. However, while making the provision, in the State of Arunachal Pradesh Act, 1986 the Legislature did not make any provision for inclusion of Advocates General of the States of Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram as Ex-Officio Members of the Bar Council although it made a provision regarding right of audience to the effect that as among the Advocate Generals of the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura, the right of audience shall be determined with reference to the date of enrolment as Advocates. The amendment in this respect has not been done as yet in spite of several requests made by this Council. Presently, the Office of this Bar Council is situated at the 2 nd floor of the Gauhati High Court Building, Panbazar, Guwahati.

As per the Advocates Act, 1961, Bar Council of India is the supreme regulatory body to regulate the legal profession in India and also to ensure compliance of the laws and to lay down the standard of legal education in the country. It is also authorized to make Rules in this regard and accordingly the Bar Council of India has already framed a set of Rules known as the Bar Council of India Rules. However, the State Bar Councils are the Apex Body of Lawyers in the States and one of the main functions is to grant right to practice by way of enrolment of the names in the roll and also to initiate disciplinary proceedings against advocates for misconduct and to regulate and maintain standards of professional conduct and etiquette. The Council can act on the complaints filed by parties and can also take cognizance of misconduct committed by advocates suomoto. Its function is also to safeguard the rights, privileges and interests of the Advocates on its roll.

The election to the Bar Council takes place by a complex process i.e. single transferable vote wherein the electoral roll comprises of and includes the names of every single lawyer enrolled within the jurisdiction of this Council. At present there are 20 elected members who are elected to the office for a term of 5 years. The elected as well as Ex-Officio Members elect the Chairman and Vice-Chairman and also elect its representative to the Bar Council India and also forms different Committees. The term of the Office of the Chairman and Vice-Chairman is normally two years whereas the term of the member nominated to the Bar Council of India and that of Committees is for a period of 5 years. In 1994, the State Bar Council had also formed a Trust known as the Bar Council of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Mozoram and Arunachal Pradesh Trust and under the auspices of the Trust various seminars and workshops were held at different places at different times. At the behest of this Bar Council, Government of Assam enacted the Assam Advocates Welfare Fund Act, 1998 as well as framed Assam Advocates Welfare Fund Rules, 2005 making provisions for giving reliefs to Advocates at the time of their need and the said Act has been implemented since 1 st of January, 2007 and various Advocates have derived benefits from the said fund. Besides that, many Advocates are getting benefits under the Bar Council of India Welfare Fund.